1910.151 - First aid includes any one-time treatment and follow-up for observation of minor injuries, including cuts, abrasions, bruises, first-degree burns, sprains, and splinters. Injuries or illnesses requiring only first aid are commonplace. One or more workers should be properly trained to administer basic first aid, including CPR. Workplaces should have a well-stocked first-aid kit and at least one or more employee assigned the responsibility for administering or coordinating first-aid treatments.
1910.39 -Fire safety is important business. National Fire Prevention Week is intended to focus on the importance of fire safety in the home, in schools and at work. But workplace fire safety is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) principal focus and saving lives and preventing injuries due to fire is a key concern. According to National Safety Council figures, losses due to workplace fires in 1988 totaled $3.1 billion. Of the more than 5,000 persons who lost their lives due to fires in 1988, the National Safety Council estimates 360 were workplace deaths. When OSHA conducts workplace inspections, it checks to see whether employers are complying with OSHA standards for fire safety. OSHA standards require employers to provide proper exits, fire fighting equipment, emergency plans, and employee training to prevent fire deaths and injuries in the workplace.
Fatigue: The signs are clearly seen on the face. The eyes look tired and sleepy, forehead is creased, the head is rests on the hands and there are files piled on the desk waiting to be looked at. If you find yourself in this way more often than not; you are suffering from fatigue at work. This feeling of chronic tiredness, frequent headaches, muscle weakness and moodiness are symptoms of fatigue.
Fall Protection: In 2008, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that fatal work injuries involving falls decreased 20 percent in 2008 after a sharp increase in 2007. The 847 fatal falls in 2007 was the series high. Identifying fall hazards and deciding how best to protect workers is the first step in reducing or eliminating fall hazards. Occupational fatalities caused by falls remain a serious public health problem. The US Department of Labor (DOL) lists falls as one of the leading causes of traumatic occupational death, accounting for eight percent of all occupational fatalities from trauma. Any time a worker is at a height of four feet or more, the worker is at risk and needs to be protected. Fall protection must be provided at four feet in general industry, five feet in maritime and six feet in construction. However, regardless of the fall distance, fall protection must be provided when working over dangerous equipment and machinery.
1910.133- Eye and face protection.This eye protection safety training course will teach employees the basics of eye protection on the job, including identifying the potential work areas and activities that could cause injury to your eyes and understanding how to prevent those injuries. Also covered is the use, maintenance, and inspection of protective eyewear as well as the use of appropriate first aid for emergencies while at work.
Ergonomics is the science of fitting the job to the worker doing that job. The goal of ergonomics is to reduce a worker's exposure to musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk factors by changing the design of a workstation or the way a job is performed, allowing workers to rotate through different jobs, or providing personal protective equipment (PPE). While the Clinton-era ergonomics standard was revoked, OSHA will cite ergonomics violations under the General Duty Clause.
Environmental Awareness: In March 2011, EPA finalized rules to regulate emissions of air toxics, including mercury, from large industrial boilers and solid waste incinerators. EPA decided to keep the standards from going into effect, however, because we wanted to make sure the rules reflected new information and additional public comments. In December 2011, EPA re-proposed the rules that reflect new information and we expect to finalize them later this year. EPA and the Obama Administration are committed to these standards and the significant health benefits for our children and our families.
Emergency Response: OSHA and its State Plan partners help set and implement national safety and health standards for emergency responders. Foremost among these standards is the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response standard of 29 CFR 1910.120(q).
1910.38 - Emergency Action Plan: Having an action plan is an important part of emergency preparedness. However, merely writing one isn’t enough. You also have to make sure it is workable.
Electrical Safety: -STD 01-16-007: Understanding the electrical safety for unqualified workers plan at your facility is crucial to your safety. Unqualified workers, in this case, are machine operators, operators of powered industrial trucks, construction workers, and other personnel who are not specifically qualified to perform electrical work, but who need to know essential information about the hazards of electricity and how to prevent serious injury.
Drug & Alcohol - The vast majority of drug users are employed, and when they arrive for work, they don't leave their problems at the door. Of the 17.2 million illicit drug users aged 18 or older in 2005, 12.9 million (74.8 percent) were employed either full or part time. Furthermore, research indicates that between 10 and 20 percent of the nation's workers who die on the job test positive for alcohol or other drugs. In fact, industries with the highest rates of drug use are the same as those at a high risk for occupational injuries, such as construction, mining, manufacturing and wholesale.
Driving in traffic is more than just knowing how to operate the mechanisms which control the vehicle; it requires knowing how to apply the rules of the road (which govern safe and efficient sharing with other users). An effective driver also has an intuitive understanding of the basics of vehicle handling and can drive responsibly.
Driving Safety - According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Table A-6. Fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation, All United States, 2010, more than 1,766 deaths a year result from occupational transportation incidents. That number is more than 38 percent of the 4,547 annual number of fatalities from occupational injuries. While fatal highway incidents remained the most frequent type of fatal work-related event, transportation incidents decreased slightly in 2010 relative to 2009, but still accounted for nearly 2 out of every 5 fatal work injuries in 2010.
Unlawful harassment is a form of discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and other federal authority. Unwelcome verbal or physical conduct based on race, color, religion, sex (whether or not of a sexual nature and including same-gender harassment and gender identity harassment), national origin, age (40 and over), disability (mental or physical), sexual orientation, or retaliation (sometimes collectively referred to as “legally protected characteristics”) can constitute harassment.
Disaster Management: Emergencies can create a variety of hazards for workers in the impacted area. Preparing before an emergency incident plays a vital role in ensuring that employers and workers have the necessary equipment, know where to go, and know how to keep themselves safe when an emergency occurs. These Emergency Preparedness and Response pages provide information on how to prepare and train for emergencies and the hazards to be aware of when an emergency occurs. The pages provide information for employers and workers across industries, and for workers who will be responding to the emergency.
Crane, Derrick, and Hoist Safety (29 CFR 1910) - Moving large, heavy loads is crucial to today's manufacturing and construction industries. Much technology has been developed for these operations, including careful training and extensive workplace precautions. There are significant safety issues to be considered, both for the operators of the diverse "lifting" devices, and for workers in proximity to them. This page is a starting point for finding information about these devices, including elevators and conveyors, and their operation. Crane, derrick, and hoist safety hazards are addressed in specific standards for the general industry, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification, and the construction industry.
1910.146 -Confined Space:Understanding and applying OSHA standards is at the heart of any safety and health program. This white paper is a review of permit-required confined space (29 CFR 1910.146), a widely applied and frequently cited standard. The article aims to provide a helpful overview of the requirements, as well as some compliance tips to give your programs a boost, or to help you get one off the ground. There's nothing new about confined spaces or their hazards. In Roman times, the emperor Trajan sentenced criminals to clean sewers, an occupation known to be particularly dangerous.
Cold Weather Safety - When winter is locked in around us, OSHA and other experts offers tips on things an employer can do to protect workers from cold weather. But given that you can’t monitor everyone all the time, there’s only so much the organization can do in any safety situation. In the end, the responsibility for safety always falls on the individual worker. --Understand the risks of cold weather. Among the most serious are frostbite and hypothermia. --Know when these threats may be affecting you. For frostbite, that means feeling cold, then numb, with tingling, aching or brief pain. Frostbitten skin also may appear white or grayish, and may blister. Hypothermia is signaled by chills, shivering, and feelings of drowsiness and confusion.
Caustic Soda Solutions: Potential symptoms: Eye, skin mucous membrane irritation; sore throat, cough, labored breathing, shortness of breath; pulmonary edema, pneumonitis; eye, skin burns; redness, pain, blisters; blurred vision, blindness (from contact with liquid); temporary loss of hair; INGES ACUTE: Burning sensation; nausea, vomiting; abdominal pain, diarrhea; swelling of the larynx to the point of suffocation; shock or collapse.
1910.1003 - Carcinogens - Millions of U.S. workers are exposed to chemical materials that could be carcinogenic. If any of your workers are in this group, train them to take these steps to protect themselves from carcinogen exposure.